Because of the complexity of smart charging and VGI, many districts are opting to utilize Charging-as-a-Service or Electrification-as-a-Service companies. These firms can provide turn-key for electric bus fleets including:
Procurement and provision of vehicles
Design, procurement, and installation of charging and electricity infrastructure
Telematics, charge management, and smart-charging capabilities;
Financing, maintenance, and training; and operational management.
Interested districts can also elect to lease equipment from these as-a-service companies.
Advantages of the as-a-service model include enhanced risk management, cost predictability, optimization of utility cost through smart charging, and simplification of the charging infrastructure planning and deployment process. If engaging with a third-party provider, districts would also be able to leverage cheaper rates resulting from large volume purchasing.